Men, are you paying attention to your health?
Compared to your female counterparts, you’re more likely to smoke and drink; make unhealthy choices, and put off regular medical checkups and care. But you need to pay just as close attention to your lifestyle as women do.
One of the most important aspects of your lifestyle is what you put on your plate.
Good nutrition is critical for good health.
Eating well not only gives your body the nutrients it needs. It also helps keep weight under control.
Being overweight can increase your chances of developing certain chronic conditions, including:
- Heart disease.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- High blood pressure.
- Metabolic syndrome.
- Colon, kidney, liver, and gallbladder cancers.
Are you overweight?
Doctors use several measurements to determine whether or not your weight is in a healthy range.
One is called the body mass index (BMI).
Plug your height and weight into an online BMI calculator.
- If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range.
- If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, it falls within the normal or healthy weight range.
- If your BMI is 25.0 to 29.9, it falls within the overweight range.
- If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range.
You can also use waist and hip measurements to calculate body fat. To correctly measure waist circumference:
- Stand and place a tape measure around your middle, just above your hipbones.
- Make sure tape is horizontal around your waist.
- Keep the tape snug around your waist, but don’t compress the skin.
- Breathe out and take the measurement.
If your waist circumference is more than 40 inches, you could be at a higher risk for developing the health conditions mentioned above.
Path to improved health
You may think what you eat doesn’t matter that much. Or that whatever is lacking in your diet, you can make up with vitamin and mineral supplements. But a growing body of scientific evidence shows that nutrients work best in combination.
That means it’s not one food or nutrient that helps you prevent disease and live a healthier life.
It’s the interaction among different foods, and the cumulative effect the foods have on your body that helps.
In other words, one single nutrient isn’t the key to good health. It’s your overall eating pattern that matters.
So, what do you need to eat in order to stay healthy?
First, estimate how many calories you should eat each day.
The number will vary, depending on your age, weight, activity level, and whether you’re trying to gain, maintain, or lose weight.
Your doctor can help you determine this number.
There are also apps for your phone that have calorie intake and metabolism estimators.
These can help determine your calorie requirements.
Now that you know how much you should eat, what should you be eating to fill that calorie need?
Your daily diet should include:
- Make sure you include a variety covering all vegetable subgroups. Those include dark green (spinach, lettuce), red and orange (peppers), legumes (beans, peas), starchy (corn), and others. Eat your vegetables fresh, frozen, canned, and dried. Choose low-salt varieties when buying frozen and canned.
- Fruits, at least half of which are whole fruits. These include fresh, canned, frozen, and dried. Fruit juices are okay, but they lack fiber, so your body quickly converts them to sugar. Drinking too many can also add calories. Choose 100% fruit juice without added sugars.
- Whole grains. This includes grains by themselves, like rice, oatmeal, and popcorn. It also includes foods that contain grains like breads and cereals. At least half of your grains should come from whole grains. Limit the amount of refined grains and products made with refined grains. Foods like cookies, cakes and certain snack foods have been processed to remove the bran and germ. This also removes dietary fiber, iron, and other nutrients.
- Fat-free and low-fat dairy products. These include milk, yogurt, cheese, and fortified soy beverages. Don’t include other “milks” made from plants (like almond, rice, or coconut milk) in this group.
- Protein foods. You should eat a variety in nutrient-dense forms. Incorporate foods from both animal and plant sources. These include seafood, meats, poultry, eggs, nuts, seeds, and soy products. Legumes (beans and peas) go in this group, as well as in the vegetables group.
- Healthy oils.They should have a high percentage of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. They also should be liquid at room temperature. These include avocado, canola, corn, olive, peanut, safflower, soybean, and sunflower oils. Oils are also naturally present in nuts, seeds, seafood, olives, and avocados.