How to use a fire extinguisher

How to use a fire extinguisher

In the case of fire, it’s important to know that having a fire extinguisher at home and work spaces is very crucial to the safety of all. This is useful when there is fire accident at home or work place. A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.

I have had an experience of a fire accident at a friend’s kitchen. There was no fire extinguisher; so, we had to improvise. We use the ‘local extinguisher’ which is detergent and water. Yes, the method worked but it was risky and slow.

So, here are tips on how you can use a fire extinguisher:

Pull: Pull the pin, this will break the tamper seal.

Aim: Aim low, pointing the nozzle or hose at the base of the fire.

Squeeze: Squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.

Sweep: Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire, the fuel source, until the fire is out.

No matter whether it’s a swimming pool or a bathtub, it’s vitally important that you never leave a child unsupervised around water. Drowning causes more than 30 per cent of all unintentional injury deaths among children aged 1 to 4, and most of those happen in home swimming pools. Therefore, make sure it has a fence with a gate that locks.

When you see ABC on any extinguisher, it means use for Type ABC fires. ABC Fire Extinguishers use monoammonium phosphate which is a dry chemical that is able to quickly put out the fire. It is a pale yellow powder that is able to put out all three classes of fire; Class A for trash, wood and paper, Class B for liquids and gases, and Class C for energized electrical sources.


A muster point is a designated place or an area where all employees, guests or visitors on the work site, or a large crowd can assemble in case of an emergency. The muster point ensures that everyone knows where to gather even in the panic of an emergency. This is always depicted by an information signage.

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