Important health issues that women ought to know about.
Here are eight most-common ailments
* Endometriosis: This happens when the glands lining the uterus develop outside it, on ovaries, bladder, rectum. It causes painful and/or heavy periods, pain during intercourse, infertility. Treatment can be medical or surgical.
* Fibroids: These are the most common non-cancerous tumours in child-bearing women.
It can cause heavy and/or painful periods, infertility, pregnancy complications like miscarriages or early labour.
They grow at a very slow rate.
Not all fibroids warrant treatment.
* Vaginal infections and STI: These occur because of a variety of causes like bacterias (bacterial vaginosis, chlamydial infections, gonorrhoea), fungi (candidiasis), parasites (trichomoniasis), viruses (HPV, HSV).
A simple examination by your doctor can diagnose most infections and appropriate treatment can be started.
It is essential to treat these infections at the earliest to prevent complications.
* Urinary tract infections: They are more common in women.
They can lead to increased frequency of urination, burning urination, urgency.
In more severe cases of health issues, they can cause blood in the urine, pain in the lower abdomen as well as fever.
A urine culture and sensitivity needs to be performed to know the organism causing it and the appropriate antibiotics required to treat it.
You need to consume plenty of fluids and also a urine alkalizer may be needed in some cases.
* Pregnancy issues: Diabetes, hypertension, preterm labour, miscarriage. Late conception is now increasing medical diseases complicating the pregnancy.
* Cancer: Two of the most common cancers affecting women are breast as well as cervical cancers.
Breast cancer may cause lumps in the breast, dimpling of the breast skin, retraction of nipples or nipple discharge (except milky).
Early diagnosis improves the outcome among women. It is important for women to be familiar with self-breast examination for early detection.
Breast ultrasound as well as mammograms may detect cases early.
Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cancer in women.
Symptoms include bleeding between periods or after sex, foul smell discharge.
It is essential that all sexually-active women undergo regular PAP smears to detect them early.
Receiving HPV vaccinations can prevent HPV infections and may also reduce the risk of cervical cancer.